What role can HIA play in resolving the issues.
Power generation potential of agricultural residues in Thailand
- Bagasse ( byproduct from sugar factories) 900MW
- Rice husk
- RIce Straw
- Sugarcane residue
- Oil palm
- Currently only 84 biomass power plants in Thailand, half the total potential capacity, 1,400MW installed capacity. Just under 6% of total electricity from all sources.
- Over 300 biomass plants being planned.
- Just under 80 projects withdrawn with 40 moved from small to very small facilities with 36 being abandoned.
- Number of projects and installed capacity peaked in 2008 and has now declined sharply.
- Public opposition is the biggest problem because of fears of environmental and health impacts, they don't trust government or the biomass companies, so they don't want these projects.
- Concerns are air pollution, odour, noise, dust and traffic incidents and water resource and sanitation impacts.
- Poor technology and gelatinous - direct-fired no gasification, no regulation for facilities below 10MW facilities.
Suggested role of HIA
- Get the public involved
- To identify impacts
- Reduce conflict and create trust and cooperation
- Help develop a healthy a healthy public policy.