Why is HRIA going to add value to companies?
What are the challenges and opportunities?
Mechanism to identify, predict and respond to a Project's potential impacts on an individual's access to human rights entitlements.
Do no harm perspective but can also look at enhancing access to HR.
How is HRIA different from SIA?
- Individual rather than community perspective
- Focused on universally agreed upon standards
- Sphere of impact rather than sphere of influence
- Projects occurring challenging contexts - geographically, socially, joint venture approaches with state extractive companies
- Opportunity to contribute to sustainable and equitable development
- Above only happens if HR is respected
- HRIA brings and added dimension to risk assessment and management: uses a common international standard, broadens scope of assessment; clarifies and delimits distinct roles and responsibilities; more emphasis on looking at what companies have done to ensure access to rights; reinforces international standards/guidance for management of known risks
Example 1: Potential HR impacts
- Access to remedy - lack of project grievance mechanism
- Right to life - loss of ASM, land take, resettlement, use of state security,
- Prohibition against torture, cruelty - Project leads to community tension which leads to arrests and torture
- Right not to be subject to slavery/forced labour
- National Commission undertook a study on HR and mining.
- Helped clarify roles and responsibilities of state and company.
- Changed internal company awareness about HR and how they might affect it.
- Lack of business leadership and strategic commitment
- Understanding the language and perspective and mindset of HR
- Finding a way through the explosion in guidance IPIECA, EU developing guidance
- Integrating HR into management processes
- Confronting the brutal facts - lot of sensitivity and concerns about litigation and liability
- Managing the State and Company roles